Vulnerability Assessment

What is Vulnerability Assessment?

Vulnerability assessment is the process of identifying, prioritizing, and remediating vulnerabilities in computer systems, applications and network infrastructure. Vulnerabilities are often caused by design flaws in operating systems and applications or by the misconfiguration of systems.

Vulnerability assessment typically includes the following steps:

  • Discovering IT assets and creating an inventory of applications and services
  • Classifying each asset based on its business impact and security relevance
  • Scanning the assets for vulnerabilities or potential weaknesses
  • Providing risk and impact analysis of detected vulnerabilities

Why Does Vulnerability Assessment Matter?

Software flaws or misconfigurations could open doors that allow cyber criminals to access IT systems and applications. Identifying and remediating weaknesses before they can be exploited is critical. A comprehensive vulnerability assessment and management program is essential to improving your organization’s security posture.

In many cases, attackers take advantage of known security vulnerabilities that organizations have failed to detect and remediate. Pre-packaged exploit kits are often available, making it possible for even unsophisticated hackers to penetrate security defenses, access valuable data, and cause intentional damage to an organization.

It is critical to use a vulnerability scanner to defend against attacks and identify any hidden network, application, and system vulnerabilities. Today’s advanced vulnerability scanning tools can identify thousands of vulnerabilities and rate them by severity measures such as the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). Scanning tools also provide detailed reports that can be used to follow up on all discovered vulnerabilities. It is not uncommon to find thousands of vulnerabilities even in a small IT environment.

Vulnerability assessment tools generate 100s of pages of reports. It takes an enormous amount of time from dedicated IT teams to sift through voluminous vulnerability reports to understand where they should focus their efforts to reduce the attack surface. Unfortunately, many organizations invest in vulnerability scanning technology without investing in the people and processes required for an effective vulnerability management program.

How Does Cygilant Help?

A comprehensive vulnerability management program is a valuable tool for information security analysts in the quest to identify and correct security gaps before attackers can exploit them. Cygilant’s SOCVue Vulnerability Management service combines vulnerability scanning technology with world-class people and processes necessary to improve your organization’s security posture. Cygilant’s SOC team will deploy and manage vulnerability assessment technology, prioritize vulnerabilities based on business impact and risk, and deliver remediation guidance to reduce the attack surface.

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